Gold Butte National Monument

An example of prehistoric rock art carved on a canvas of red sandstone

Located in the remote and rugged desert landscape of southeastern Nevada, Gold Butte National Monument covers 296,937 acres of territory. It's a place where twisting canyons, dramatically shaped red sandstone and tree-clad mountains create islands of life between desolate and barren stretches of the Mojave Desert. The sandstone outcroppings served as canvases for rock artists of ancient times and the desert around provides critical habitat for a variety of species.

The area is popular for outdoor recreation, and visitors to the monument can hike to rock art sites, enjoy the Gold Butte Backcountry Byway: a circular route passing by the area’s namesake mining ghost town, hunt desert bighorn sheep (in season), or explore the desert peaks and canyons on horseback.

A view of highly eroded, multicolored sandstone formations
A lot of Gold Butte National Monument looks like this
Looking west across the northern arm of Lake Mead from Lime Kiln Wilderness
Looking west in the Lime Kiln Wilderness area

There are about 250 miles of designated road in Gold Butte but only the section of road coming from the north to Whitney Pockets is semi-paved and accessible to most vehicles. The rest of the roads are unmaintained dirt, recommended for 4WD only. Hiking in the area is exploratory as there are no designated trails. The roads lead to points of interest and pass close to other points of interest along the way.

The northern half of Gold Butte National Monument is designated as Critical Habitat for the threatened desert tortoise. That's one reason why the 25-mile-per-hour speed limit in the area: don't hit a tortoise crossing the road. In the mountainous areas there are herds of desert bighorn sheep. Depending on how wet it is in any one year, the rodent population may rise or fall. In lockstep with the rodent population the populations of rattlesnakes, coyotes, hawks, owls and raptors also rise and fall.

A small, wind-carved arch cut through a sandstone fin
A wind-carved eye in the sandstone

There is no potable surface water in the area: make sure you take enough of your own with you. There are no amenities available within the boundaries of the monument and there is no cell phone service. That said it is estimated that an average of 300 people visit the property on any given weekend.

Joshua trees and other cactus in front of a red sandstone bluff
Joshua Trees against red sandstone bluffs
Photos and maps courtesy of the BLM, CCA 2.0 License  
Gold Butte Backcountry Byway area map

Related Pages

  Map courtesy of the BLM