Maine - The Pine Tree State
The first European settlers in Maine tried to set up fishing villages along the coast starting in the 1620's. Between the climate and resistance from the local Native Americans, the folks didn't do well at all. By 1700, there were only a few small settlements clinging to life along the coast. In those days, Maine was a "red-headed, left-handed stepchild" province of Massachusetts and remained that way until the Missouri Compromise of 1820. The population had been growing slowly over the years, mostly in far south Maine, but it was the political necessity of balancing slave states with free states that helped Maine become a state on its own.
Aroostook County in north Maine, with 6,829 square miles is one of the 40 largest counties in the United States.
Fast Facts about Maine
Largest City: Portland
Became a State: March 15, 1820 : 23rd
Highest Point: Mount Katahdin : 5,268'
Lowest Point: Atlantic Ocean : 0'