St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge


Wetlands at St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge
Wetlands at St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge

St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1968 on an undeveloped barrier island offshore from the mouth of the Apalachicola River. On the 12,490-acre property you'll find freshwater lakes and streams, tidal marsh, sand dunes dominated by mixed hardwoods and live oaks, scrub oaks, slash pine forests and interspersed stands of cabbage palm. The area is a haven for bald eagles, Eastern indigo snakes, gopher tortoises, sea turtles, wood storks, red wolves and other endangered and threatened species.

There is an old hunting cabin located on the island that has been inhabited for years by colonial bats. In 2006, as part of an Eagle Scout project, four pole bat houses were built near the old cabin and were soon being used by the Brazilian free-tail bats. Since then, contractors began a historical renovation of the old cabin that required displacing the remaining bats from the house. So another, larger pole bat house was built and slowly, the bats are finding it and moving in. The new house is essentially an 8'x8'x8' structure: big enough to house up to 50,000 Brazilian free-tail bats, evening bats, southeastern myotis bats and big brown bats. A similar (but larger) structure was built in Gainesville on the University of Florida campus and now is home to more than 100,000 bats.

St. Vincent Island is 1/4 mile offshore and is only accessible by boat. Boaters should be aware of tide fluctuations, wind, storms, currents and shifting oyster bars.

Bat house at St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge
The new pole bat house at St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge
Map of St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge
St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge map