Rocky Mountain National Park

  • At the foot of Trail Ridge Road on the east side of Rocky Mountain National Park
  • One of the overlooks at the top of the hill
  • A view from high on Trail Ridge Road
  • Another view from high on Trail Ridge Road
  • An overlook near the top of Trail Ridge Road
  • Peaks high in Rocky Mountain National Park
  • The view west at the summit of Trail Ridge Road
  • Another view to the west at the summit of Trail Ridge Road
  • Peaks in the Never Summer Mountains
  • Looking west at the summit of Trail Ridge Road
  • Peaks in the Never Summer Mountains
  • Near the western entrance to Rocky Mountain National Park
Rocky Mountain National Park

Rocky Mountain National Park straddles the Continental Divide in north-central Colorado. The western side of that dividing line gets about twice the annual precipitation (and humidity) as the eastern side. However, the 5 drive-in campgrounds, more than 200 back-country campsites and the 359 miles of trails are pretty evenly dispersed across this high country paradise. Elevations vary from about 8,000' in the low valleys to 14,259' at the top of Long's Peak. There are more than 60 named peaks that rise above 12,000' and more than 1/4 of the park is above timber line. Several of the high mountain cirques hold small glaciers and permanent snowfields.

This was Ute country until the early 1800's. They never lived here year-round but this was prime fishing and hunting country for them. Gold miners first arrived in the 1850's and a few ephemeral settlements were thrown up and then abandoned when the ore bodies quickly gave out. Homesteading really got started here in the 1860's but this was never good grazing or farming country. On the other hand, the water that flowed from here was more valuable than gold and there were many ventures involved with diverting that water to the growing Front Range towns even back then.

Rocky Mountain National Park came into existence in January, 1915. The countryside was dotted with private property and many private owners ran small lodging and vacation establishments. Roads were primitive, few and far between. There was never a railroad built to service anything in the park so real transportation construction didn't happen until the days of the Civilian Conservation Corps. The National Park Service used those young men to build Trail Ridge Road, the first professionally designed auto route in Rocky Mountain National Park. The 1960's saw the construction of visitor centers at Alpine, Kawuneeche and Beaver Meadows.

A view above tree line in Rocky Mountain National Park

Today, Rocky Mountain National Park is one of the crown jewels of the National Park system. Of the 5 campgrounds, 2 require reservations while the other 3 are first-come, first-served (and the campgrounds tend to be full all season long). The 200+ back-country campsites all require a permit for use. Trail Ridge Road is only open from the end of May to mid-October (the road is just not plowed in the winter). And oh yeah, entrance fees to Rocky Mountain National Park are now $20.00 per normal passenger vehicle, good for 7 days.

If you want to climb Long's Peak, you want to start out really early: each route to the top has its own bottleneck and those bottlenecks plug up quickly on a beautiful summer day. As I drove across Trail Ridge Road, stopping to take photos, I was asked several times how to get over to Long's Peak. Long's Peak rises above Wild Basin in the southeastern corner of the park. Below Estes Park on State Route 7 you'll find Long's Peak Road, it's classed as a Class 5 primitive road: 4x4 with high clearance required. If you make it to the end of the road, you still have a couple miles to hike before you actually start up the hill at the foot of Long's Peak.

Long's Peak was named for Major Stephen Long, leader of the 1820 Long Expedition. The Long Expedition visited the area but never entered the mountains. Joel Estes and his son were hunting on the east side of what is now the National Park and stumbled across the area now known as Estes Park. The family moved there in 1860 and tried to raise cattle. By 1866, the Estes family was forced out by the harsh winters. In 1873, Isabella Bird arrived in the area and stayed in Estes Park for several months. During her visit she became the first woman to climb Long's Peak. Enos Mills arrived in 1884 as a 14-year-old. He grew up exploring the mountains and valleys here, writing many articles and several naturalist books about the area. It was his lobbying efforts that finally got Congress to pass a bill for President Woodrow Wilson to sign in 1915 that created Rocky Mountain National Park. Over the years the boundaries of the park have been expanded with the eastern slopes of the Never Summer Range (the largest parcel) being added in 1929.

Looking southwest across a valley above tree line from Trail Ridge Road
A view from Trail Ridge Road
Looking southwest from Trail Ridge Road
Another view from Trail Ridge Road
Enjoying the fishing at Rocky Mountain National Park
A fisherman enjoying some peace and quiet
The east face of Longs Peak
The East Face of Longs Peak
The Keyhole on Longs Peak
The Keyhole on Longs Peak
Photo of the east face of Long's Peak courtesy of Pete Seel, CCA-by-SA 3.0 License
Photo of the Keyhole on Long's Peak courtesy of J. Benjamin Wildeboer, CCA-by-SA 3.0 License
Other photos courtesy of TheArmchairExplorer, CCA-by-SA 4.0 License