Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest


  • A view in the East Humboldt Range in the Angel Lake area
  • Looking uphill in the Jarbidge Wilderness
  • A fall view in Lamoille Canyon in the Ruby Mountains
  • A view in Lee Canyon in Mt. Charleston Wilderness
  • A winter view of the Ruby Mountains
Map showing the land sections and ranger district offices of Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest

With 6.3 million acres, the Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest is the largest National Forest in the lower 48 states. The Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest stretches all the way across Nevada and into eastern California in the Lake Tahoe area.

John C. Fremont stamped the name "Humboldt" on the land here back in 1845 when he named the Humboldt River and the East Humboldt Mountains after the German naturalist Baron Alexander von Humboldt.

The vegetation on the Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest varies from wide open desert with cactus and scrub through Ponderosa pine forests into spruce, aspen and larch, then into lodgepole pine and krummholtz.

The Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest is included in the ancestral homelands of the Northern Paiute, the Southern Paiute, the Washoe and the Western Shoshone. All of these Native American tribes are descended from the prehistoric peoples that once populated this area from the Sierra Mountains into western Utah, from Death Valley to the Snake River.

There are estimated to be between 80,000 and 100,000 prehistoric and historic archaeological sites within the Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest. These archaeological sites range from sites with prehistoric rock art to 19th century mining towns, trails and wagon roads. There is a place near Ely where evidence has been found that indicates Native American occupation as early as 13,000 years ago, although most artifacts found in the forest date from only about 4,500 years ago.

Wilderness Areas

 
A panoramic view of the Ruby Mountains
The Ruby Mountains
 
Photos and small map courtesy of the US Forest Service
 

Campgrounds on Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest

Jarbidge Ranger District

# Campground Elevation Season Amenities # of Sites
1 Pine Creek 6,600' June-October restrooms 5
 

Mountain City Ranger District Camping

# Campground Elevation Season Amenities # of Sites
1 Jack Creek 6,500' May-October Toilet 6
2 Wildhorse Crossing 5,900' Jun-October ToiletFee site 22
3 Big Bend 6,900' Jun-October ToiletFee site 17
 

Santa Rosa Ranger District Camping

# Campground Elevation Season Amenities # of Sites
1 Lye Creek 7,400' July-October ToiletDrinking WaterFee site Single: 14, Group: 1
 

Ruby Mountains Developed Recreation

Fees for the campgrounds and picnic areas range in price.
Reservations must be made at least 4 days prior to arrival
# Campground Elevation Season Amenities # of Sites
1 South Ruby 6,200' May-October ToiletDrinking waterDumping StationFee site 35
4 Thomas Canyon 7,600' June-October ToiletDrinking WaterFee site 40
6 Angel Creek 6,800' June-October ToiletDrinking WaterFee site 18
7 Angel Lake 8,500' July-September ToiletDrinking WaterFee site 37
 

Ely Ranger District Camping

# Campground Elevation Season Amenities # of Sites
1 East Creek 6,750' June-September ToiletFee site 7
2 Bird Creek 7,500' June-September ToiletDrinking WaterFee site 8
3 Timber Creek 8,500' June-October ToiletDrinking WaterFee site Single: 6, Group: 6
4 Ward Mountain 7,300' June-September ToiletDrinking WaterFee site Single: 17, Group: 5
5 White River 6,450' May-November ToiletFee site 10
6 Kalamazoo 7,000' June-September Primitive 5
7 Currant Creek 6,200' June-September Primitive 7
8 Cherry Creek 6,500' June-September Primitive 4
 

Austin-Tonopah Ranger Districts Camping

# Campground Elevation Season Amenities
1 Bob Scott 7,200' May-October ToiletDrinking Water
2 Big Creek 6,600' May-October Toilet
3 Kingston 6,900' May-October Toilet
4 Columbine 9,000' May-October Toilet
5 North and South Twin 6,400' May-October Toilet
6 Cow Canyon 8,000' May-October Toilet
7 Peavine and Tom's Canyon 7,000' May-October  
8 Peavine 6,700' May-October Toilet
9 Pine Creek 7,600' May-October Toilet
10 Mosquito Creek 7,100' May-October  
11 Barley Creek 7,700' May-October Toilet
12 San Juan Creek 7,600' May-October Toilet
13 Washington Creek 7,200' May-October  
14 Toquima Cave 7,800' May-October Toilet
 

Carson Ranger District Camping

# Campground Elevation Season Amenities # of Sites
1 Lookout 6,700' June-September ToiletFee site 22
2 Mt. Rose 8,900' June-September ToiletDrinking WaterFee site 24
3 Kit Carson 6,900' June-September ToiletDrinking WaterFee site 12
5 Hope Valley 7,300' June-September ToiletDrinking WaterFee site 20
6 Crystal Springs 6,000' April-October ToiletDrinking WaterFee site 22
7 Markleeville 5,500' April-September ToiletDrinking WaterFee site 10
8 Silver Creek 6,800' June-September ToiletDrinking WaterFee site 22
 

Bridgeport Ranger District Camping

# Campground Elevation Season Amenities # of Sites
1 Desert Creek 6,300' May-October Toilet 13
2 Bootleg 6,600' May-September ToiletDrinking WaterFee site 63
3 Chris Flat 6,600' April-November ToiletDrinking WaterFee site 15
4 Sonora Bridge 6,800' May-October ToiletDrinking WaterFee site 23
5 Leavitt Meadows 7,000' April-October ToiletDrinking WaterFee site 16
6 Obsidian 7,800' June-October ToiletFee site 14
7 Buckeye 7,000' May-October ToiletDrinking WaterFee site 65
8 Honeymoon Flat 7,000' April-October ToiletDrinking WaterFee site 47
9 Robinson Creek
Amphitheatre used for interpretive programs during the summer months.
7,000' April-October ToiletDrinking WaterFee site 54
10 Paha 7,000' May-October ToiletDrinking WaterFee site 22
11 Crags 7,100' May-November ToiletDrinking WaterFee site Single: 27, Group: 45
12 Lower Twin Lakes 7,000' May-October ToiletDrinking WaterFee site 15
13 Green Creek 7,500' May-October ToiletDrinking WaterFee site Single: 11, Group: 2
14 Trumbull Lake 9,500 June-October ToiletDrinking WaterFee site 45
 

Spring Mountains National Recreation Area Developed Campgrounds

# Campground Elevation Season Amenities # of Sites
2 Old Mill - tent camping 8,300' May-October ToiletDrinking WaterFee site 74
3 McWilliams
No accessible sites
8,500' May-October ToiletDrinking WaterFee site Single: 31, Double: 9
4 Dolomite
No accessible sites
8,500' May-October ToiletDrinking WaterFee site 31
8 Mahogany Grove 8,000' May-October ToiletDrinking WaterFee site Sites: 2, 75 people max
9 Hill Top 8,400' May-October Drinking WaterFee site Single: 31, Double: 3, Triple: 1
11 Fletcher View
$5 electrical hookup charge included in fee
7,000' Year Round ToiletDrinking WaterInformationFee site Single: 9, Double: 2
12 Kyle Canyon 6,900' April-October ToiletDrinking WaterInformationFee site Single: 19, Double: 6
 

Picnic Areas

Ruby Mountains Picnic Areas

# Picnic Areas Elevation Season Amenities # of Sites
3 Terraces 8,400' July-September ToiletDrinking Water 9
5 Power House 6,200' May-October Toilet Single: 5, Group: 1 to 60 people
 

Spring Mountains National Recreation Area Picnic Areas

# Picnic Area Elevation Season Amenities # of Sites
1 Sawmill 7,600' All Year Unknown Unknown
2 Old Mill 8,300' May-October ToiletDrinking WaterFee site Single: 61, Double: 13
5 Foxtail

(Reservation required for group sites)
8,300' Summer, Winter Toilet Drinking WaterFee site Single: As parking allows, Site 1: 100 people max, Site 2: 80 people max, Site 3: 80 people max
6 Deer Creek 8,200' May-October ToiletDrinking Water 7
7 Mt. Charleston North 8,200' April-November Unknown Unknown
10 Cathedral Rock

(Reservation required for group sites)
7,600' Year Round ToiletDrinking WaterFee site Single: 72, Site A: 75 people max, Site B: 60 people max