Indiana - The Hoosier State
Indiana means Indian Land, and the name dates back to at least 1768. It was first officially used by Congress when the Ohio Territory was separated out of what was the Northwest Territories and designated the remainder of the Northwest Territories as Indiana Territory in 1800. Then Michigan and Illinois were separated and what was left became the State of Indiana.
Indiana was settled by the pre-Colombian Mississippian culture at least 1,000 years ago but their cities were crumbling and most of their descendants had left by the time the Europeans started coming into the area (French trappers coming down from Canada in the late 1600's, early 1700's). They did leave behind some great burial/ceremonial mounds in the southern part of the state.
The great Shawnee leader Tecumseh was from Indiana but he was killed in Canada in 1813 at the Battle of the Thames (he had allied himself with the British during the War of 1812).
The main mound at the Angel Mounds Site near Evansville, Indiana
Largest City: Indianapolis
Admitted to the Union: December 11, 1816 : 19th
Highest Point: Hoosier Hill : 1,257'
Lowest Point: Ohio River : 320'
Hillforest Mansion and Versailles State Park photos courtesy of Byways.org
Photo of Muscatuck NWR courtesy of the US Fish & Wildlife Service
Photo of Angel Mounds courtesy of Wikipedia userid Heironymous Rowe, CCA-by-SA 3.0 License
Map courtesy of Cartesia MapArt US Terrain