Indiana - The Hoosier State

  • Hillforest Victorian Mansion
  • Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore
  • The Indianapolis skyline
  • Muscatatuck National Wildlife Refuge

Indiana means "Indian Land," and the name dates back to at least 1768. It was first officially used by Congress when the Ohio Territory was separated out of what was the Northwest Territories and designated the remainder of the Northwest Territories as Indiana Territory in 1800. Then Michigan and Illinois were separated and what was left became the State of Indiana.

Indiana was settled by the pre-Colombian Mississippian culture at least 1,000 years ago but their cities were crumbling and most of their descendants had left by the time the Europeans started coming into the area (French trappers coming down from Canada in the late 1600's, early 1700's). They did leave behind some great burial/ceremonial mounds in the southern part of the state.

The great Shawnee leader Tecumseh was from Indiana but he was killed in Canada in 1813 at the Battle of the Thames (he had allied himself with the British during the War of 1812).

The main mound at the Angel Mounds Site near Evansville, Indiana
The main mound at the Angel Mounds Site near Evansville, Indiana
Fast Facts about Indiana
Capital: Indianapolis
Largest City: Indianapolis
Admitted to the Union: December 11, 1816 : 19th
Area: 36,418 square miles : 38th
Highest Point: Hoosier Hill : 1,257'
Lowest Point: Ohio River : 320'
 
2010 Indiana Population Demographics
Total Population 6,483,802
Males 3,189,737
Females 3,294,065
Population by Age
Under 18 1,608,289
18 & over 4,875,504
20-24 452,026
25-34 827,345
35-49 1,314,776
50-64 1,241,965
65 & over 841,108
Population by Ethnicity
Hispanic or Latino 389,707
Non Hispanic or Latino 6,094,095
Population by Race
White 5,467,906
African-American 591,397
Asian 102,474
Native American 18,462
Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 2,348
Other 173,314
Two or more 127,901
 
Map of Indiana