St. George, Utah


St. George, Utah
Looking north over downtown St. George to the Pine Valley Mountains
The LDS Tabernacle in St. George

St. George was first settled in 1861 and incorporated in 1862. The town was named after George A. Smith, an early LDS Apostle and was built near the place where the Santa Clara and Virgin Rivers meet.

St. George began life as a cotton mission: Brigham Young was worried about the Confederacy locking up all the American supplies of cotton. So he sent a group of Mormon pioneers to the area to see if they could grow sufficient cotton to keep the Mormons of Utah supplied. Those early settlers were able to grow cotton but it never happened in such a way as to be able to compete in the regular markets and the effort was shortly abandoned. However, that first group of chosen pioneers included almost 300 families, selected to ensure the community would have as many farmers, businessmen, blacksmiths, carpenters, engineers and educators as they might need. I don't know how much time they put into growing cotton but in 1877, the St. George LDS Temple was dedicated and is now the oldest continually operating Mormon Temple on Earth.

St. George is in that area where the Basin & Range Province and the Mojave and Sonoran Deserts meet, an area with a great diversity of flora and fauna. The local geology is characterized by lots of red rock, sand, bluffs and mountains. It's a stark and beautiful area prone to scorching hot summers and mild, almost snowless winters. It's the location and the climate that began turning St. George into the major retirement destination it has become, starting in the 1980's.

In 2005, St. George was declared the second fastest growing metro area in the United States (right behind Greeley, Colorado). The economy of the St. George area has also been booming since the 1980's.

Looking east in St. George
A view east over downtown St. George, Zion National Park in the distance
Fast Facts about St. George, Utah
St. George, Washington County, UT 84770
Latitude: 37.095°N
Longitude: 113.5833°W
Incorporated: 1862
Elevation: 2,869'

Education:
High School or Higher: 87.8%
Bachelor's Degree or Higher: 22.0%
Graduate or Professional Degree: 7.5%
Cost of Living Index for St. George: 89.0

2015 Estimates:
Median Household Income: $50,000
Median Home Value: $250,000
Median Resident Age: 31.4 Years
Major Industries:
Lodging & Food Services, Construction, Health Care, Educational Services, Professional Services, Finance & Insurance Services, Retail Services, Auto Parts & Dealers, Social Services
Unemployed (March 2015): 4.6%
 
Population Demographics: 2010
Total Population
72,897
Males
35,654
Females
37,243
Population by Age
Under 18
20,460
18 & over
52,437
20-24
5,678
25-34
9,850
35-49
10,241
50-64
10,259
65 & over
13,824
Population by Ethnicity
Hispanic or Latino
9,302
Non Hispanic or Latino
63,595
Population by Race
White
63,565
African-American
530
Asian
582
Native American
1,124
Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
741
Other
4,451
Two or more
1,904
 
Washington County Pages
 
Upper and lower photos courtesy of Nick Christensen, CCA 2.5 License