Valencia County, New Mexico

  • The New Mexico RailRunner at Belen Station
  • In the southern part of Valencia County
  • Valencia County Courthouse

Valencia County is in central New Mexico and is mostly part of the Albuquerque Metropolitan Area. For a time, Valencia County stretched from Texas to California. Since 1850 though, the county lines have been changed a dozen times, the last time being in 1981 when Cibola County was created from the western half of Valencia County.

During the Civil War, a skirmish between Union and Confederate troops was fought at Peralta, just north of Los Lunas. That April 15, 1862 event convinced the Confederates to continue their retreat southward after losing the Battle of Glorieta a few days previously.

Formed in 1852, Valencia County contains 1,068 square miles of land and 1 square mile of water. The county seat is Los Lunas.

Valencia County is crossed north/south by El Camino Real Historic Byway and the southeastern part of the county is crossed by part of the Abo Pass Trail Scenic Byway. The Abo Ruins Unit of Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument is just inside the county line at Abo Pass, as is the northernmost bit of Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge along the Abo Pass Trail.

Fast Facts about Valencia County, New Mexico
Types of Jobs:
Private Sector, wages or salary: 72%
Government Sector: 21%
Unincorporated, Self-Employed: 7%
Cost of Living Index for Valencia County: 83.9
Median Resident Age: 33.8 Years
2014 Estimates:
Median Household Income: $41,850
Median Home Value: $131,200
Major Industries:
Educational Services, Government, Health Care, Lodging & Food Services, Construction, Professional Services, Finance & Insurance Services, Transportation Services, Social Services, Repair & Maintenance, Waste Management Services
Population Demographics: 2010
Total Population 76,569
Males 38,576
Females 37,993
Population by Age
Under 18 20,182
18 & over 56,387
20-24 4,493
25-34 8,961
35-49 15,409
50-64 15,566
65 & over 9,742
Population by Ethnicity
Hispanic or Latino 44,605
Non Hispanic or Latino 31,964
Population by Race
White 56,027
African-American 1,071
Asian 406
Native American 2,915
Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 55
Other 13,046
Two or more 3,049