Santa Clara, New Mexico
Santa Clara was founded as "Santa Clara" in the early 1860's but the first post office was established with the name "Central" back on January 8, 1887. The name was changed back to Santa Clara in 1996.
In the early days of settlement, the driving force was hard metal mining and Santa Clara was the first settlement in the area. At one time there were up to 40 gold and silver mines being worked in the area. There was a problem with the local Apaches in those days so the Army established Fort Bayard a couple miles to the east and "Central" served as the "entertainment" center for the soldiers. The Spanish had been mining copper in the area since 1804 but active periods of mining were brief, due to the opposition from the Apaches. It didn't help that all shipping had to be done by mule train until the railroad arrived in the 1880's.
Over the years gold, silver, zinc, lead and some huge open pit copper mines were established in the Central Mining District and most had their own company towns on-site. Then the mines started running out of workable ore and started closing down. There were also times when whole company towns were swallowed by the mines they served and some of the populations of those towns moved to Central. These days Santa Clara is primarily a bedroom community for nearby Silver City.
The population of Santa Clara is down about 15% since 2000.
High School or Higher: 65.8%
Bachelor's Degree or Higher: 8.9%
Graduate or Professional Degree: 3.6%
Cost of Living Index for Santa Clara: 83.1
Median Household Income: $30,300
Median Home Value: $83,000
Median Resident Age: 45.0 Years
Retail Trade, Lodging & Food Services, Construction, Health Care, Social Services, Natural Resources, Entertainment & Recreation, Waste Management Services
Unemployed (August 2014): 6.5%
|Population by Age|
|18 & over||1,278|
|65 & over||315|
|Population by Ethnicity|
|Hispanic or Latino||1,349|
|Non Hispanic or Latino||337|
|Population by Race|
|Hawaiian or Pacific Islander||5|
|Two or more||68|