Ohkay Owingeh, New Mexico

  • The Ohkay Owingeh Crafts Cooperative
  • The pueblo offices
  • The pueblo police department
  • The Cariños Charter School
Ohkay Owingeh, New Mexico

Most folks know Ohkay Owingeh as "San Juan Pueblo."

The Pueblo was founded around 1200 CE by migrating Tewa Indians. Don Juan de Oñate took control of the pueblo in 1598 and renamed it San Juan de los Caballeros, after John the Baptist, his patron saint. De Oñate then established the first Spanish capital in New Mexico here.

The pueblo returned to its pre-Spanish name in 2005 (but the USPS still prefers "San Juan Pueblo"). The Tewa name "Ohkay Owingeh" means "place of the strong people."

The Pueblo is located just north of Espanola and covers a large area straddling the Rio Grande. I've driven around and through the Pueblo lands many times over the years but in early December, 2007, was the first time I drove into the business center of the Pueblo.

The headquarters of the Eight Northern Indian Pueblos Council is located at Ohkay Owingeh.

June 24 is the annual Pueblo Feast Day.

Ohkay Owingeh, New Mexico
Fast Facts about Ohkay Owingeh, New Mexico
Ohkay Owingeh, Rio Arriba County, NM 87566
Also known as: San Juan Pueblo
Latitude: 36.0534°N
Longitude: 106.0693°W
Founded: 1540
Elevation: 5,610'

High School or Higher: 68.8%
Bachelor's Degree or Higher: 8.5%
Graduate or Professional Degree: 3.3%
Cost of Living Index for Ohkay Owingeh: 84.9

2014 Estimates:
Median Household Income: $41,180
Median Home Value: $144,100
Median Resident Age: 31.0 Years
Major Industries:
Government, Arts & Entertainment, Educational Services, Construction, Health Care, Social Services, Lodging & Food Services, Waste Management Services, Professional Services
Unemployed (August 2014): 7.3%
Population Demographics: 2010
Total Population 1,143
Males 529
Females 614
Population by Age
Under 18 334
18 & over 809
20-24 88
25-34 119
35-49 236
50-64 198
65 & over 136
Population by Ethnicity
Hispanic or Latino 225
Non Hispanic or Latino 918
Population by Race
White 45
African-American 1
Asian 2
Native American 949
Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 0
Other 103
Two or more 43