Maxwell, New Mexico

  • The old Bank Building in Maxwell
  • The Maxwell Schools
Maxwell, New Mexico

Springer was originally named Maxwell but when the folks decided to change the name of that town to honor Frank Springer, the Village of Maxwell was born, named for Lucien Bonaparte Maxwell, heir of the Beaubien-Miranda (Maxwell) Land Grant.

Maxwell is about half-way between Raton and Springer on the I-25. A few miles northwest of town is the Maxwell National Wildlife Refuge, a beautiful migratory waterfowl sanctuary.

Maxwell was originally established as a railroad stop on the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad.

Lucien Maxwell gave the right-of-way to the railroad in hopes that it would bring new settlers who'd buy land from him on the Maxwell Land Grant. Instead, the railroad mostly brought squatters and outlaws until Maxwell finally sold the whole property to a group of English and Dutch investors who hired their own gunmen to take care of the problem (and that's a whole other story: The Colfax County War).

These days, this is big cattle ranching country... although the recent long-term drought has taken a big chunk out of that, too.

The population of Maxwell is down more than 7% since 2000.

Fast Facts about Maxwell, New Mexico
Maxwell, Colfax County, NM 87728
Latitude: 36.5395°N
Longitude: 104.5426°W
Established: 1879
Elevation: 5,925'

High School or Higher: 79.2%
Bachelor's Degree or Higher: 9.9%
Graduate or Professional Degree: 5.7%
Cost of Living Index for Maxwell: 84.0

2014 Estimates:
Median Household Income: $37,750
Median Home Value: $74,840
Median Resident Age: 40.7 Years
Major Industries:
Educational Services, Construction, Government, Health Care, Wood Products, Lodging & Food Services, Transportation Services, Social Services, Utilities
Unemployed (August 2014): 6.0%
Population Demographics: 2010
Total Population 254
Males 130
Females 124
Population by Age
Under 18 65
18 & over 189
20-24 9
25-34 32
35-49 41
50-64 46
65 & over 56
Population by Ethnicity
Hispanic or Latino 110
Non Hispanic or Latino 144
Population by Race
White 204
African-American 0
Asian 1
Native American 3
Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 0
Other 30
Two or more 16