Lincoln County, New Mexico

  • Landscape in the Valley of Fires in western Lincoln County
  • Carrizozo Chamber of Commerce and Welcome Center
  • Lincoln State Monument
  • Free Spirits at Noisy Water, Hubbard Museum of the American West

Lincoln County is in central New Mexico. This is the country of Pat Garrett, Billy the Kid and the famous Lincoln County War. This is also where Smokey Bear came from.

Named in honor of President Abraham Lincoln, Lincoln County was formed in 1869. At that time, the county extended from the Texas border west to the Rio Grande and was the largest county in the United States. Time has seen the acreage cut down as other counties were formed until today, Lincoln County contains 4,831 square miles of land and almost no surface water. The county seat is Carrizozo, the largest town Ruidoso.

Among the attractions available in Lincoln County are the Lincoln State Monument, Fort Stanton-Snowy River Cave National Conservation Area, Smokey Bear Historic Park, Capitan Mountains Wilderness, White Mountain Wilderness, Lincoln National Forest, Valley of Fires and Ski Apache, all tied together by the Billy the Kid Trail, a looped scenic byway that traverses the central parts of Lincoln County. Just beyond the southwestern boundary of the county is the Three Rivers Petroglyph Site.

Fast Facts about Lincoln County, New Mexico
Types of Jobs:
Private Sector, wages or salary: 66%
Government Sector: 17%
Unincorporated, Self-Employed: 16%
Homemaker, Unpaid: 1%
Population Density: 4 People per Square Mile
Cost of Living Index for Lincoln County: 85.3
Median Resident Age: 43.8 Years
2014 Estimates:
Median Household Income: $42,700
EstimatedMedian Home Value: $161,700
Major Industries:
Educational Services, Lodging & Food Services, Construction, Entertainment & Recreation, Health Care, Agriculture & Forestry, Government, Finance & Insurance Services, Real Estate Services
Population Demographics: 2010
Total Population 20,497
Males 10,068
Females 10,429
Population by Age
Under 18 3,888
18 & over 16,609
20-24 835
25-34 1,772
35-49 3,572
50-64 5,529
65 & over 4,505
Population by Ethnicity
Hispanic or Latino 6,110
Non Hispanic or Latino 14,387
Population by Race
White 17,439
African-American 96
Asian 75
Native American 489
Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 10
Other 1,880
Two or more 508