Gallup, New Mexico

  • On Historic Route 66 in Gallup
  • Catholic Charities in downtown Gallup
  • In downtown Gallup
  • In downtown Gallup
  • In downtown Gallup
  • In downtown Gallup
  • All Tribes Center in downtown Gallup
  • Gallup Cultural Center
  • Southwest Indian Foundation in Gallup
Gallup, New Mexico

I've been passing through Gallup since I was a little boy and Route 66 was America's Main Street. The city has gotten significantly larger over the years but the character of it hasn't really seemed to change. It's a crossroads town and the nearest large city to the Navajo, Hopi and Zuni Reservations. Gallup is in the heart of some pretty spectacular countryside. There is a huge rodeo here every year that attracts professional "cowboy" talent from all over the planet. There are Native American arts and crafts on display and for sale everywhere in the city.

Gallup was named for David Gallup, a paymaster for the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad that founded the town in 1891 as a railhead. Over the years some mines were developed in the area but the last of them closed in the 1970's and 1980's. Gallup has a historic problem with lack of education, poverty, alcoholism and lack of economic development and opportunity. At the same time, Gallup has more millionaires per capita than any other city in the US. Some folks attribute this to exploitation of the local Native American arts and jewelry industries.

Gallup also has a long history of being in the forefront of the civil rights movement. The city opposed racial discrimination against its black residents as far back as the 1940's. During World War II, Gallup successfully prevented 800 Japanese-American residents from being rounded up and placed in internment camps. Starting in the 1970's, a sizable community of Palestinians has grown up in Gallup.

An interesting fact is that early in his career, Bob Dylan falsely claimed that he was raised in Gallup (he was actually born Robert Zimmerman in Duluth and was raised in Hibbing, both cities in northern Minnesota).

The population of Gallup is up almost 8% since 2000.

Fast Facts about Gallup, New Mexico
Gallup, McKinley County, NM
Zip Codes: 87301, 87302, 87305
Latitude: 35.5238°N
Longitude: 108.7341°W
Founded: 1881
Elevation: 6,468'

High School or Higher: 78.5%
Bachelor's Degree or Higher: 21.3%
Graduate or Professional Degree: 10.3%
Cost of Living Index for Gallup: 85.8

2014 Estimates:
Median Household Income: $47,90
Median Home Value: $143,700
Median Resident Age: 31.1 Years
Major Industries:
Educational Services, Health Care, Government, Lodging & Food Services, Construction, Social Services, Finance & Insurance Services, Retail Services, Transportation Services
Unemployed (August 2014): 8.4%
Population Demographics: 2010
Total Population 21,678
Males 10,355
Females 11,323
Population by Age
Under 18 6,620
18 & over 15,058
20-24 1,511
25-34 2,963
35-49 3,902
50-64 3,750
65 & over 2,312
Population by Ethnicity
Hispanic or Latino 6,864
Non Hispanic or Latino 14,814
Population by Race
White 7,631
African-American 257
Asian 434
Native American 9,498
Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 11
Other 2,597
Two or more 1,250