Eddy County, New Mexico

  • Scene in the Big Room in Carlsbad Caverns National Park
  • Black River Recreation Area in Eddy County
  • Typical view in Eddy County
  • Typical scene in the Eddy County countryside
  • Eddy County Courthouse in Carlsbad

Eddy County is in southeastern New Mexico with Texas to the south. Formed in 1889, Eddy County contains 4,182 square miles of land and 16 square miles of water. The county seat and largest city is Carlsbad.

This is the home of the famous Carlsbad Caverns National Park and lesser known attractions like La Cueva Non-Motorized Trails, Black River Recreation Area, Pecos River Corridor, Carlsbad Caverns Wilderness, Guadalupe Back Country Byway, Hackberry Lake OHV Recreation Site, Brantley Lake State Park, Living Desert Zoo & Gardens and sections of Lincoln National Forest.

Fast Facts about Eddy County, New Mexico
Types of Jobs:
Private Sector, wages or salary: 74%
Government Sector: 17%
Unincorporated, Self-Employed: 8%
Homemaker, Unpaid: 1%
Population Density: 13 People per Square Mile
Cost of Living Index for Eddy County: 81.6
Median Resident Age: 36.4 Years
2014 Estimates:
Median Household Income: $40,340
Median Home Value: $92,000
Major Industries:
Mining, Educational Services, Health Care, Government, Construction, Agriculture, Lodging & Food Services, Waste Management Services, Lodging & Food Services, Retail Services, Finance & Insurance Services, Social Services
Population Demographics: 2010
Total Population 53,829
Males 26,879
Females 26,950
Population by Age
Under 18 14,035
18 & over 39,794
20-24 3,183
25-34 6,802
35-49 9,994
50-64 10,759
65 & over 7,541
Population by Ethnicity
Hispanic or Latino 23,731
Non Hispanic or Latino 30,098
Population by Race
White 41,667
African-American 743
Asian 356
Native American 810
Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 22
Other 8,629
Two or more 1,602