Colfax County, New Mexico

  • Fishing the Cimarron River in Colfax County
  • Remains of the Muth Hotel in Elizabethtown
  • Gravel pit lakes in Cimarron Canyon State Park
  • A cattle drive on Johnson Mesa in Colfax County

Colfax County is located in north central New Mexico. Most of the county used to be known as the Maxwell (Miranda-Beaubien) Land Grant. Valle Vidal, the NRA Whittington Center, most of Vermejo Park Ranch and all of the Philmont Scout Ranch are here.

Named for Schuyler Colfax, 17th Vice President of the United States (under Ulysses S. Grant), Colfax County was formed in 1869 and contains 3,757 square miles of land and 11 square miles of water. The county seat and largest town is Raton.

Colfax County is also home to Cimarron Canyon State Park, Eagle Nest Lake State Park, Sugarite State Park and Maxwell National Wildlife Refuge.

Fast Facts about Colfax County, New Mexico
Types of Jobs:
Private Sector, wages or salary: 64%
Government Sector: 24%
Unincorporated, Self-Employed: 11%
Homemaker, Unpaid: 1%
Population Density: 3 People per Square Mile
Cost of Living Index for Colfax County: 83.5
Median Resident Age: 40.8 Years
2014 Estimates:
Median Household Income: $38,750
Median Home Value: $136,000
Major Industries:
Lodging & Food Services, Educational Services, Government, Construction, Agriculture & Forestry, Health Care, Social Services, Mining, Metal & Metal Products, Personal & Laundry Services, Finance & Insurance Services
Population Demographics: 2010
Total Population 13,750
Males 7,003
Females 6,747
Population by Age
Under 18 2,839
18 & over 10,911
20-24 626
25-34 1,384
35-49 2,430
50-64 3,397
65 & over 2,758
Population by Ethnicity
Hispanic or Latino 6,488
Non Hispanic or Latino 7,262
Population by Race
White 11,522
African-American 64
Asian 49
Native American 202
Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 7
Other 1,412
Two or more 494