Cimarron, New Mexico

  • Cimarron Town Hall and Police Station
  • In the Cimarron business district
  • In the Cimarron business district
  • The famous St. James Hotel in Cimarron
  • Working the Cimarron River in Cimarron Canyon

Once the home of the Jicarilla Apache and Ute Indian, Cimarron, located on the mountain branch of the Santa Fe Trail, became the hub of a mining and ranching empire when Lucien Maxwell, heir to the Maxwell Land Grant, built his center of operations there after he moved north from Rayado.

The pioneer spirit that gave rise to Cimarron brought famous and infamous people alike. Names like Wyatt Earp, Annie Oakley, Buffalo Bill Cody, Clay Allison, Frank and Jesse James all have added to Cimarron's history. We have the famous St. James Hotel (National Historic Landmark, built in 1876), probably most famous for its ghosts and haunted rooms. We also have the Philmont Scout Ranch located 4 miles out of town.

Cimarron, New Mexico
In downtown Cimarron
Ceran St. Vrain grain mill
The flour mill built by Ceran St. Vrain
Magistrate Court
The Colfax County Magistrate Courthouse in Cimarron
Tooth of Time Ridge

Colin Neblett Wildlife Area (33,116 acres) and Cimarron Canyon State Park lie west of town. In an area where deer and elk are very abundant, most folks are fishing the river for trophy Cutthroat, Rainbow and Brown Trout.

North of town is the Valle Vidal unit (100,000 acres) of Carson National Forest. The unit is home to about 2,000 elk living in a wildlife paradise and the fishing is superb. You have to look sharp because there are only two roads into Valle Vidal and the signs are not large. The road into the Barker Wildlife Area is just out of town on the east side. A little further east is the road leading to the Dawson Cemetery, now listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

A New Mexico hunting or fishing license is required, if you are interested in that type of recreation, and special seasons and regulations apply in some areas.

The population of Cimarron is up more than 11% since 2000.

Fast Facts about Cimarron, New Mexico
Cimarron, Colfax County, NM 87714
Latitude: 36.5095°N
Longitude: 104.9155°W
Chartered: 1861
Elevation: 6,430'

High School or Higher: 75.9%
Bachelor's Degree or Higher: 16.9%
Graduate or Professional Degree: 5.7%
Cost of Living Index for Cimarron: 86.2

2014 Estimates:
Median Household Income: $35,300
Median Home Value: $96,900
Median Resident Age: 39.6 Years
Major Industries:
Educational Services, Lodging & Food Services, Construction, Wood Products, Government, Health Care, Agriculture, Social Services
Unemployed (August 2014): 6.0%
Population Demographics: 2010
Total Population 1,021
Males 515
Females 506
Population by Age
Under 18 209
18 & over 812
20-24 40
25-34 109
35-49 196
50-64 252
65 & over 189
Population by Ethnicity
Hispanic or Latino 573
Non Hispanic or Latino 448
Population by Race
White 827
African-American 1
Asian 0
Native American 8
Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 1
Other 147
Two or more 37