Bayard, New Mexico

Fort Bayard Historic District, Bayard, New Mexico
Fort Bayard Historic District in Bayard

Fort Bayard, a US Army outpost, was established in 1866 to protect mining operations in the southern Gila's from marauding Apaches. The fort was built and manned by the Buffalo Soldiers of Company B of the 25th United States Colored Infantry Regiment. After Geronimo's capture in 1886, the fort was almost deactivated. However, the excellent health record of the installation served to get the property converted into an Army tuberculosis hospital and research center. The fort was transferred to the Surgeon General's Office in 1900, then to the Veteran's Administration in 1922. Active duty soldiers returned during World War II and German POWs were held at the fort from 1943 to 1945. Today, the fort hospital is the Fort Bayard Medical Center, administered by the New Mexico Department of Health as a long term nursing facility and a chemical dependency treatment center. Most of the property around the hospital is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Fort Bayard Historic District.

When the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad built a line through here (on the way to the copper mine at Santa Rita), they established a depot known as "Bayard Station" close to a local homesteader's ranch house. That was about 1/2 mile from Fort Bayard itself and it served a long time as the supply terminal for the fort. Over the years since, the settlement of Bayard grew up around that siding. The population really grew after higher-grade copper ore was discovered beneath the company town at Santa Rita and those folks were told to move... These days, the administrative office of the Cobre Consolidated School District (serving Bayard, Hurley, Santa Clara and the surrounding area) is located in Bayard, as are the district high, middle and elementary schools.

The population of Bayard is down about 8% since 2000.

Fast Facts about Bayard, New Mexico
Bayard, Grant County, NM 88023
Latitude: 32.759569°N
Longitude: 108.134035°W
Incorporated: 1938
Elevation: 5,820'

High School or Higher: 62.2%
Bachelor's Degree or Higher: 9.4%
Graduate or Professional Degree: 4.1%
Cost of Living Index for Bayard: 82.2

2014 Estimates:
Median Household Income: $28,700
Median Home Value: $88,200
Median Resident Age: 40.1 Years
Major Industries:
Construction, Educational Services, Health Care, Natural Resources, Social Services, Government, Retail Trade, Forestry
Unemployed (August 2014): 6.5%
Population Demographics: 2010
Total Population 2,328
Males 1,111
Females 1,217
Population by Age
Under 18 608
18 & over 1,720
20-24 143
25-34 247
35-49 375
50-64 451
65 & over 437
Population by Ethnicity
Hispanic or Latino 1,935
Non Hispanic or Latino 393
Population by Race
White 1,788
African-American 13
Asian 1
Native American 56
Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 0
Other 370
Two or more 100