Alamogordo, New Mexico

Alamogordo, New Mexico
White Sands Boulevard in Alamogordo

Alamogordo began life in June, 1898, as a railhead for the El Paso & Northeastern Railroad when Charles B. Eddy (and his brother John) had tracks extended into this area at the western foot of the Sacramento Mountains. In laying out the plat, Eddy required that the streets be large and wide with several tree-lined canals running through the site. East-west streets were designated numerically while north-south streets were given "theme" names (universities, presidents and states). So what was originally Pennsylvania Avenue would later become US Highway 54 and White Sands Boulevard.

Initially, the main industry in the town was the production of railroad ties for the El Paso & Northeastern. After the 1934 creation of White Sands National Monument, tourism began to play a role in the local economy. But the biggest and most far-reaching factor in Alamogordo's economy was the construction of Holloman Air Force Base, beginning in 1942. After that came the designation and construction of the White Sands Missile Range, an area for the testing of new missiles and guidance systems. It was on property owned by the White Sands Missile Range that the first ever atomic bomb test occurred on July 16, 1945. That was at the Trinity Site, about 60 miles northwest of Alamogordo. Visitors can take a guided tour of the site on the first Saturday in April and the first Saturday in October.

Alamogordo also has a history of being a center for other government agencies. 1938 saw construction of a Federal Building at 1101 New York Avenue that housed the US Post Office until 1961. After that the headquarters of Lincoln National Forest were in the building until that agency moved to new quarters in October, 2008. The plan is now to transfer ownership of the building to the Otero County government so it can become the new county offices.

Southwest of Alamogordo is White Sands National Monument. On the northeast side of town is the New Mexico Museum of Space History with the International Space Hall of Fame. A branch of New Mexico State University has been in Alamogordo since 1958. 1903 saw the establishment of the New Mexico School for the Blind and Visually Impaired in Alamogordo.

The population of Alamogordo is down almost 14% since 2000.

Fast Facts about Alamogordo, New Mexico
Alamogordo, Otero County, NM 88310, 88311
Latitude: 32.8959°N
Longitude: 105.9521°W
Founded: 1898
Elevation: 4,334'

High School or Higher: 81.4%
Bachelor's Degree or Higher: 14.6%
Graduate or Professional Degree: 6.0%
Cost of Living Index for Alamogordo: 83.5

2014 Estimates:
Median Household Income: $39,700
Median Home Value: $101,000
Median Resident Age: 33.5 Years
Major Industries:
Government, Construction, Health Care, Educational Services, Lodging & Food Services, Retail Services, Professional Services, Social Services, Transportation Services, Finance & Insurance Services
Unemployed (August 2014): 5.3%
Population Demographics: 2010
Total Population 30,403
Males 14,937
Females 15,466
Population by Age
Under 18 7,158
18 & over 23,245
20-24 2,188
25-34 4,307
35-49 5,488
50-64 5,424
65 & over 5,105
Population by Ethnicity
Hispanic or Latino 9,271
Non Hispanic or Latino 21,132
Population by Race
White 23,363
African-American 1,648
Asian 523
Native American 431
Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 102
Other 2,836
Two or more 1,500