Nevada by Counties


Armchair Crater in Nye County
Armchair Crater in Nye county

In addition to the many natural attractions Nevada offers, a large percentage of visitors to the state come for the casinos. With close to 90% of the land in the state owned or managed by Federal and state agencies, the Nevada Legislature was looking for some way to finance state operations other than the imposition of onerous tax structures that would essentially kill all business opportunities in Nevada. So back in 1931, gambling was legalized. As the gambling business didn't really begin to take off until the 1950's, it was not an immediate relief for the state's budget woes. Back in those days there was still some amount of mining going on so taxes on that were pushed up. It helped a couple years later when the federal government allowed the price of an ounce of gold to rise from $20 to $35. Gold mining surged for a few years all across the western states but with the advent of World War II, gold mining was forced out the back door as it was declared "non-essential" to the war effort and those financial and work resources were shifted in other directions. These days, with gold prices running upwards of $1,000 per ounce, even extremely minimal gold deposits are showing a profit. And the huge open pit gold mines of the Carlin Trend are running 24 hours a day, getting that gold out of the ground while prices are still high. Other minerals found in Nevada have also seen recent surges in value, especially the dry lake bed near Silver Peak where a major source of lithium (for cell-phone batteries and such) is mined.

Nevada by Counties

Nevada map showing county boundaries and names
Upper photo courtesy of the Bureau of Land Management
Map courtesy of Cartesia MapArt USTerrain