Manassa, Colorado

Manassa, Colorado
Downtown Manassa

Manassa was the first Mormon settlement in the southern part of the San Luis Valley. When the Mormon colonists first came to this area, they tried settling in several different spots but the groundwater situation in this part of the San Luis Valley is a bit different. Sometimes there was no groundwater at all, sometimes their settlements turned into swampland. Manassa was a place where everything came together nicely for them and they prospered. Today, about half the residents of Manassa are descendants of those original Mormon pioneers while most of the other half of the residents are descendants of the Hispanic families that came to this area in the early 1850's to settle the Sangre de Cristo and Conejos Land Grants.

The settlement at Manassa was founded in 1879 and named for one of the sons of the Israelite, Joseph. This particular chunk of land was chosen because the town fathers had been guaranteed that the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad would be built through town. However, in 1880 the railroad decided to run their line through the settlement of Romeo, 3 miles west of Manassa. While that didn't help the business development of Manassa, it also didn't stop the population growth and Manassa is now the largest town in Conejos County.

Manassa is on land that is essentially perfectly flat. Just east of town is where the San Luis Hills begin. In the first set of low hills is the location of the King Mine, a turquoise mine that produces a striking green turquoise in a golden, non-webbed matrix. This mine was originally mined by the Ancestral Puebloans maybe a thousand years ago, and it was rediscovered by I.P. King in 1890 as he was prospecting for gold in the area.

Manassa is also the birthplace of William Harrison "Jack" Dempsey, one of the greatest heavyweight boxing champions in modern history. In 83 fights he lost 6 times and won 62 times. Among his wins were 50 by knockout, 26 of those knockouts happening in Round One. He also had 9 draws and 6 no contests. The log cabin where he was born and grew up in is located on Main Street in Manassa and is now the location of the Jack Dempsey History Museum. Main Street is also State Highway 142, also known as the Camino de Los Antiguos Scenic & Historic Byway.

Manassa, Colorado
The log home Jack Dempsey grew up in in Manassa
Manassa, Colorado
The LDS Temple in Manassa
The Catholic Church in Manassa, Colorado
The Catholic Church in Manassa
Fast Facts about Manassa, Colorado
Manassa, Conejos County, CO 81141
Latitude: 37.1747°N
Longitude: 105.9364°W
Incorporated: June 6, 1889
Elevation: 7,690'
Education:
High School or Higher: 70.3%
Bachelor's Degree or Higher: 11.2%
Graduate or Professional Degree: 1.4%
2012 Cost of Living Index for Manassa: 90.2
2011 Estimates:
Median Resident Age: 30.6 Years
Estimated Median Household Income: $28,020
Estimated Median Home Value: $89,190
Major Industries:
Agriculture, Health Care, Construction, Educational Services, Repair & Maintenance, Finance & Insurance Services, Transportation Services, Waste Management Services, Government, Nonmetallic Mineral Products
Unemployed (September 2012): 10.2%
Population Demographics: 2010
Total Population 991
Males 483
Females 508
Population by Age
Under 18 310
18 & over 681
20-24 48
25-34 124
35-49 145
50-64 186
65 & over 152
Population by Ethnicity
Hispanic or Latino 472
Non Hispanic or Latino 519
Population by Race
White 860
African-American 3
Asian 4
Native American 12
Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 0
Other 91
Two or more 21