Nogales, Arizona


Nogales, Arizona
Arizona on the left, Sonora on the right, border crossing in the center

Being directly on the US-Mexico border, Nogales, Arizona is maybe 1/15 the size of Nogales, Sonora. In 1880, Jacob Isaacson built a trading post here and the settlement that grew up around it was named Isaacson. However, when the first post office was opened in 1883, the Postal Service renamed the town Nogales (meaning "walnuts" in Spanish). Most business in Nogales centers around the importation of vegetables and produce from Mexico. On the other hand, about 60% of the sales taxes collected in Nogales come from Mexican shoppers who cross into the US to buy stuff daily. Nogales (on both sides of the border) is also home to one of the largest clusters of maquiladoras (manufacturing plants) along the border. The maquiladoras are here to take advantage of NAFTA (the North American Free Trade Agreement), which allows manufacturing and assembly of America-bound materials on the Mexican side of the border (primarily to take advantage of labor and operating cost differentials - yet another case of the "outsourcing" of jobs).

As a historic city, Nogales has more than 200 properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Among them are Tubac Presidio and Tumacacori National Historic Park.

Nogales, Arizona
Nogales: that fence in the center of the photo is on the border between Arizona and Sonora
Fast Facts about Nogales, Arizona
Nogales, Santa Cruz County, AZ
Zip Codes: 85621, 85628, 85662
Latitude: 31.354°N
Longitude: 110.9392°W
Incorporated: 1893
Elevation: 3,835'

Education:
High School or Higher: 47.7%
Bachelor's Degree or Higher: 9.4%
Graduate or Professional Degree: 3.9%
Cost of Living Index for Nogales: 85.5

2014 Estimates:
Median Household Income: $26,500
Median Home Value: $95,200
Median Resident Age: 34.0 Years
Major Industries:
Lodging & Food Services, Educational Services, Construction, Food Wholesalers, Government, Health Care, Retail Services, Social Services, Professional Services, Transportation Services
Unemployed (August 2014): 18.9%
 
2010 Population Demographics
Total Population
20,837
Males
9,577
Females
11,260
Population by Age
Under 18
6,625
18 & over
14,212
20-24
1,287
25-34
2,087
35-49
3,620
50-64
3,700
65 & over
2,872
Population by Ethnicity
Hispanic or Latino
19,793
Non Hispanic or Latino
1,044
Population by Race
White
14,933
African-American
75
Asian
126
Native American
140
Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
4
Other
5,060
Two or more
499
 
Santa Cruz County Pages